5 Main Types of material handling equipment

The Material Handling Equipment sector includes a wide range of tools, vehicles, equipment and accessories used on the construction site. Let’s take a look at the five main types available at team systems.

The Material Handling Equipment (MHE) sector has played a key role in giving much needed impetus to economic growth and rising costs on infrastructure and construction activities. As the name suggests, the material handling industry is primarily concerned with equipment that assists in the movement, control, and protection of materials, goods, and products at the construction site and elsewhere. This makes the MHE sector an important mediator in the country’s economy.

The MHE sector includes a variety of tools, vehicles, equipment and accessories. However, the 5 main types of material handling equipment that can be found at any construction site typically include backhoe loaders, cranes, forklifts, dump trucks and front loaders.

Backhoe loaders: These are excellent engineering and excavation vehicles with tractors, shovels and buckets at the front and a small backhoe at the rear. Backhoe loaders are commonly used to transport building materials to any construction site.

Cranes: They represent another family of material management tools common to many construction sites. It is used for lifting and dropping heavy steel beams, for pre-stressed concrete sections for buildings, for high-rise floor materials and supplies, and for other essential jobsite material handling tasks. Different types of cranes include all terrain cranes, rough terrain cranes, truck mounted cranes and forged boom cranes.

Forklifts: Often referred to as forklift trucks, they are powerful industrial trucks used to lift and transport materials through steel forks inserted under load at construction sites. Typically, forklifts are used to move loads and equipment stored on pallets. The most common type of design is counter balance with forklifts and others include rich trucks and side loaders.

Dump trucks: Commonly known as production trucks, they are used for transporting loose materials like sand, dust and gravel for construction. A typical dump truck is equipped with a hydraulically operated open-box bed at the rear, with the front raised to allow material to fall to the ground. They come in different types such as standard dump truck, transfer dump truck, semi-trailer and dump truck, semi-trailer bottom dump truck, double and triple trailers, side dump truck and off-road dump truck and each comes in different configurations is specified to complete a specific task in the product chain.

Front loaders: Also known as front end loaders, bucket loaders, scoop loaders, front loaders are a type of tractor that are usually wheeled and have movable arms to lift and move materials during construction. Let’s use a square tilting bucket at the end.The loader assembly can be a removable attachment or mounted permanently on the vehicle.

In short, each of the different types of MHE has a wide variety of different specifications and thus the whole universe of MHE operating on a single construction site is very large.

Warehouse racking is a basic requirement for almost all construction homes. Many industries use pellet racks to manage warehouse inventory. This type of material handling equipment is designed with multiple level storage space and is used extensively in pallet material storage. Nowadays, manufacturers of material handling equipment offer a variety of palette racking systems including selective pellet racks, cantilever pellet racks, double deep racks, drive-in and drive-through racks, push back racks, pallet flow racks and carton flow racks.