In order to understand aircraft structure, it is first important to understand exactly what structural integrity means. Strictly speaking this is the ability of any structure to withstand various loads over extended periods of time and in situations where it would most certainly be used. The most important factors considered when designing an aircraft include its weight, the integrity of the airframe and the integrity of its fuel tank. However, there are other considerations as well that must be taken into account when developing an aircraft.
Weight theoretically, weight is the only variable that has any effect on aircraft performance or longevity. Regardless of the configuration of the aircraft the weight of the airframe will always have a significant impact rotatory wings on the gross weight of the aircraft. In reality aircraft are designed to cruise at speeds well above the cruising speed of the aircraft. There is therefore a huge importance placed on maintaining the weight as light as possible. Airlines use special weight management systems to conserve fuel and extend the life of the aircraft. It is often found that the modifications that have been made to a small scale model of the aircraft can have a large effect on the performance of the entire airframe.
Structural integrity this refers to the strength of the structural member of an aircraft. Each component of an aircraft is required to adhere to a stringent set of rules that are built into the design of the aircraft. It is through the careful attention to detail that these rules and regulations are maintained and enforced to the letter. There are a number of elements that can affect the integrity of the structure of an aircraft. These elements include the installation of all the required parts, the design and implementation of the design, the materials used in the manufacture of the aircraft, and the manner in which the aircraft is flown.
The design The way in which an aircraft is designed and aerodynamically designed plays a vital role in the integrity of the structure. When dealing with the airframe, it is vital that the airflow gets around the airframe and does not lose its momentum. When this happens the stresses placed on the airframe are heightened. The design can either be complicated or simple, but either way it is essential to maintaining the integrity of the airframe.
Aircraft spare parts and other related solutions of the various components of the aircraft will determine the stresses that an aircraft is placed under. Some aircraft will have major components that are extremely heavy and the structure must be able to bear the additional weight. There are also other less heavy aircraft that require the airframe to bend relatively at a lesser rate. This bending ability is important in that the airframe does not have to withstand the same stresses from one flight to another. A quick look at aircraft structure will show that the lesser stresses are applied throughout the aircraft as opposed to the greater stress placed on a heavier airframe.
The implementation A quick look at aircraft structure will reveal that the design and construction methodologies used to construct the aircraft has a large impact on the integrity of the airframe. There are some methods that are safer and more efficient than others. The most popular method is to use fiberglass for the construction of the airframe, however there are a number of disadvantages to this type of design. Fiberglass is brittle and can break easily, causing expensive damage to the aircraft and creating a dangerous situation for the pilot.
The material employed The materials that are used for the construction of the airframe have a huge impact on the airworthiness of the airframes. When dealing with the production of commercial aircraft into the safety of the passengers who will be transported aboard is paramount, therefore the material must be capable of resisting severe pressure. The materials that are used for the construction of commercial airframes should not cause undue stress on the already fragile fiberglass designs. Aluminum is the most popular material for the construction of commercial airframes due to its high strength-to-weight ratio. Unfortunately, the aluminum used for the airframe is susceptible to corrosion if it is exposed to seawater for too long.
The final result after the structure is complete, the next step is the aerodynamic properties of the airframe. Carbon fiber has many advantages when it comes to designing airframes because of the high aerodynamic qualities. However, the composite materials that are utilized in the construction of the airframe also suffer from this disadvantage. The properties of these composite materials tend to lead to fatigue in the carbon fiber structures, leading to a less than ideal product which may not meet the requirements of the airframe customer. The composite design also leads to low levels of resistance to external impacts, another factor that may affect the safety of the airframe.
A Look at the Avionics and The Airframe And Design of the FFX Helicopter
A Black Squirrel helicopter by RadioShack is a perfect example of what can be done with an RC helicopter. The Airframe and Design Company in San Diego manufacture this neat little remote control gadget. It has all the quality that you would expect from a top-of-the line model and comes complete with everything needed to fly. What makes it different, however, is that it is designed specifically for the rc flyer who wants a real “black squirrel” look without having to sacrifice performance. You will not find a more accurate representation of a real squirrel looking like a black squirrel than one that is RTR.
The RadioShack FX model features a full-scale fiberglass body, fully assembled remote control, battery ready throttle units, precision machined aluminum fuselage, stabilizer and landing gear pods, full dual A/C channels, and precision foam blade system. This makes it virtually impossible for a squirrel to hide inside. This model is also extremely lightweight, even though it is called a “transmitter-less” remote control model. It is powered by a lithium-polymer battery and will fit easily in a purse or pocket.
The FX model allows for two way remote control operation and is easy to use for both beginners and advanced fliers. With its GPS receiver, it is possible to locate your exact location on the ground, although you won’t be able to pre-determine your exact position before you fly. The only way to do this is by setting up your GPS with the on-screen prompts, which are clearly shown on the screen during your flight.
The airframe and design company has put a lot of time and money into the RadioShack line of products, and the FX model is the icing on the cake. The airframe and design team has taken their expertise and applied it to create a product that will not only please consumers but also pilots. Because it is so simple to use, they expect to see a large demand for it as soon as it becomes available.
When you first fire up the transmitter, you’ll immediately notice that there is no need for anything other than a standard RC transmitter to operate the FX model. This is a big step forward from the older Radio Shack models. The controls are very user friendly, and you won’t have any issues flying in the early stages. It will become easier to control and master as you gain experience and the confidence of a first pilot.
The controls operate using a touch screen interface and are designed for a wide range of aircraft, including electric, gas, and hybrid models. You can program your flights with the touch screen, and this makes controlling the model incredibly easy. The user-friendly controls and intuitive menu system make setting up your flight easy and convenient. There are three modes – indoor, outdoor, and night time – and you can even set your own frequency. All of these features make flying a model with the FX platform extremely versatile and fun.
The aerodynamic efficiency of the airframe also contributes to its maneuverability. The airframe is optimized for maximum speed, but at the same time, is not overly sensitive or fragile. This allows the pilot to focus on getting the model to the destination, rather than worrying about being damaged. The large weight savings from a lightweight fuselage helps to make the overall package easy to handle.
The final feature that contributes to the efficiency of the FX model is the robustness of the flight hardware. The motors and electronics are housed in a high quality metal alloy, resulting in extreme durability and performance. You’ll find that these characteristics will be very important to you and your flying hobby. You can choose from many different types of remote control helicopters, which allow you to customize the look of your aircraft.
The Wings of Wonder
Butterflies and moths (also known as arachnids) are among the insects with most amazing design features. The wings of moths and butterflies are composed entirely of small overlapping feathers of chitin attached to a butterfly’s or moth’s wing. The scales are basically modified plates of chitin that are outgrowths of the insect’s body wall and are generally modified into flapping wings. The back and underside of both wings typically have contrasting colors.
Moths fly in a variety of ways. While some butterflies flit about perching on flowers, others propel themselves through the trees and grasses using their highly sensitive sense of smell. A few butterflies even “fly backward”. Still others will follow insect prey from the sky, pouncing on it with their wings and sucking up its blood with their saliva. There are over one hundred butterfly species and more than two hundred moth species. Butterflies and moths also are commonly seen together in a garden, at the base of a tree, or any other location where they can fly freely.
The wings of a butterfly and moths have evolved through a remarkable process of natural selection. Natural selection is the survival of the fittest. The best designed wings are capable of enabling the butterflies to fly perfectly and for a long period of time. The wings must be strong and able to withstand strong winds. They must also be lightweight for efficient gliding.
Most butterflies take to flight after hatching from eggs. The hatching is generally from late summer to early fall. The wings are underdeveloped when a caterpillar eats its way through a leaf. The adult stages of life differ greatly and there are several distinct phases of flight development.
The fully-grown wings have an outer layer of skin that protects and cushions the muscles of flight. The top layer of skin will darken as it grows and turn to a yellowish color. The wings are covered with a band of forelimb skin called the annulus fibrosus. The innermost layer of skin is called the cut. The length and shape of the wings vary with each stage of growth.
The various flight types and colors of the butterfly’s wings are based on the caterpillar’s environment and food. Caterpillars that are fed on flowers are usually orange, white or cream colored. Those that feed on stems are green or gray with white edges and are known as treasure bags.
The wings of a butterfly and a moth differ in many ways. Moths have lost their wings entirely while a caterpillar’s wings have evolved into full flight. The shape and size of a butterfly’s wings are affected by the environment they live in. In the wild butterflies only rarely fly while in captivity butterflies are very active and a common sight in a garden. A butterfly can appear as many different colors depending on the type of flower they are feeding on.
To make your own chicken wings you will need two sets of wings that are of equal length and size (by two sets of wings the distance from the tip of each wing to the tip of the opposite wing is the same). You will need to make two holes in the bottom part of one wing and cover with glue. Then sew each wing tip together forming a small ball. Put the ball into the glue and wait for it to dry before turning over one wing at a time. When done, turn the ball over and glue the remaining two wings together forming a full wing tip.
If you are making your own swell albums then this step may not be necessary unless you are making several hundred. If you are making a couple hundred then you can use the pictures of chickens and attach them to the bird books with the swells. If you are making several hundred swell albums you will want to use your own photos and put them into a folder. Then you will want to arrange them in order of importance, so you have a nice little story about each chicken in your album.
After you have completed your swell album place the wings into a clear, but slightly frosted, album and close the lid. Now you can fill the album with your treasures, but before doing this you need to get your vortex booster. When you open the lid of the album you will now have one flight of the painted chicken and one treasure bag.
Once your wings are placed inside the treasure bags, they will stay there until the next time you get to do the quest or go on a raid where you will need to collect all the wings. Once you have collected all the wings and used your vortex booster, it will take approximately two weeks for each wing to come out. The Wings of Wonder expansion will provide more of these quests that will keep your players busy with new and exciting wings. Once you complete the wings you will have them ready for play on the Planes of Telara.