Blackheads: What Are They And How To Get Rid Of Them

Blackheads are the worst for a reason. They are like cockroaches; you squeeze one, and you find a couple dozen more to deal with. Although it might be super satisfying to squeeze them out, the annoyance of blackheads can wear on anyone. They continue to come back every time.

Here we will try to understand what blackheads are and what are effective treatment options available at the mighty conqueror to get rid of them.

What Are Blackheads?

Blackheads are tiny bumps on your skin surface that result from blocked pores and clogged hair follicles. They are a mix of dead skin cells and oil that sits in your pores. The exposure to air is what causes the oxidation of these bumps, making them appear black. In technical terms, a blackhead is known as an open comedones. It has a dilated opening of the hair follicle, which results from the accumulation of sebum.

These bumps are known as blackheads because they have a black or dark outer surface. It is a mild type of acne that normally forms on the face. However, it can also appear on your arms, neck, chest, shoulders, and back. Blackhead affects millions of Americans and is a considerably common skin disorder.

What Are the Symptoms of Blackheads?

Due to the dark color, you can easily spot blackheads on the skin. They are slightly bumpy, but they are not inflamed as there is no inflammation. Inflammation can be seen in the case of pimples that form when the bacteria invade the blockage in the hair follicle, causing irritation and redness.

How Do You Treat Blackheads?

When it comes to treating blackheads, or any form of acne, there are two routes you can take. You can either see a dermatologist and try prescription treatments and medication or take the DIY approach. The optimal action plan will depend on various factors. Here we will discuss some of the common and effective treatment options to get rid of blackheads.

  • Over-The-Counter Treatments

There are many OTC acne medications available at grocery and drug stores. Also, you can easily find and buy these drugs online without a prescription. These over-the-counter medications are available in gel and cream forms. Furthermore, you can also get them in pad form and apply them on your skin directly. The drugs contain resorcinol, benzoyl peroxide, and salicylic acid. They work by forcing the skin to shed the dead skin cells, drying off excess oil, and killing bacteria.

  • Prescription Medications

If the over-the-counter treatment doesn’t make your acne better, your dermatologist might recommend a stronger prescription medication. Medicines containing vitamin A promote rapid skin cells turnover and prevent the formation of plugs in hair follicles. Moreover, you can apply these medications directly to your skin. These include adapalene, tazarotene, or tretinoin.

In addition, your doctor might prescribe antibiotics and another topical medication containing benzoyl peroxide. Also, if apart from the blackheads, you have acne cysts or pimples, such type of medication might especially be helpful.

  • Manual Removal

Trained skincare professionals or dermatologists use a special treatment where they use a round loop extractor to remove the blackhead plug. They make a tiny opening in the plug and apply pressure using the extractor to get rid of the clog. Blackhead extractor also referred to as comedone extractor, is an effective tool for removing skin cell blockages.

According to research, blackhead extractors are great for effectively treating big cystic comedones. Furthermore, you can easily find the blackhead extractor tool online. It is excellent for removing whiteheads and blackheads. In addition, it is incredibly important to learn how to use the tool the right way. If you use it incorrectly, it can lead to scarring and permanent skin damage.

Bottom Line

Blackheads are a very prevalent skin problem. There are many simple and practical measures you can take to treat your blackheads. Furthermore, a decent exfoliating and skincare routine is great for removing dead skin cells and excess oil. It has to be the cornerstone of any effective regimen.

When you use the blackhead extractor correctly and with caution, it can do a tremendous job at eliminating blocked pores. For severe and persistent blackheads, the best thing is to seek the assistance of a skilled professional.