Tomato is a widely consumed veggie that is practically grown in every country of the World. This superb veggie occupies over 4.73 million hectares area with a production of 163.96 million tonnes in the World. Tomato is considered the World’s third largest vegetable crop than potato and onion. This vegetable is juicy and very beneficial for summers. Leading tomato producing countries are China, India, the USA, Turkey, Egypt, Iran, Italy, Spain, and Brazil.
As, it is ideally grown in the summer seasons (March to June). However, it is consumed throughout the year because of its healthy benefits. The demand for this veggie is high in the local market and international market as well. Additionally, it is one of the most profitable businesses because of its high-demanded factor. Tomato cultivation is becoming popular day by day due to its increased demand. So, if you are planning to start a business in the agriculture sector, then tomato farming is the best choice.
Do you want to know about the process of tomato cultivation?
Yes, then you are at the right place, as here in this blog, we will provide complete information about tomato cultivation. Tomato cultivation requirements and tomato farming guidelines are mentioned in this blog. So, keep with this blog till the end, helping you in tomato cultivation. Let’s start!
First, we start with the introduction of the tomato. As we all know, tomatoes are super veggie, widely used in raw and cooked forms. Our meal or food is incomplete without tomatoes. The botanical name of tomato is Solanum Lycopersicum belonging to the Nightshade family. But do you know where the origin of this super veggie is? Southern and Central America is the origin region of tomatoes. However, today, it is grown in almost every country, including India.
India is the second-largest producer of tomatoes. After potatoes, India highly produced tomatoes. This juicy and tasty vegetable is considered a primary or secondary ingredient in almost every kind of cuisine or other dishes in India. They are processed industrially in the making of soups, sauces, purees, chutney, and pickle. Additionally, tomato is a rich source of vitamin A, C, minerals, and potassium. The primary factor of the tomato is it is a fruit but considered vegetables by nutritionists.
Tomato Cultivation in India
In India, tomatoes are a primarily cultivated crop as it is the main reason for both high income and healthy life. Tomato is one of the main sources of nutrients, vitamin A, Vitamin C, antioxidants in large quantities. Due to the qualities of this veggie, the demand for tomatoes remains the same throughout the year.
For tomato cultivation, various tractors and machines are available in the Indian market. These excellent machines make the tomato cultivation process simple and effortless. In the market, various popular brands are available manufacturing different farm machines such as transplanter, harvester etc., and tractors. As almost every type of tractor is used for tomato cultivation, mini tractors are ideal. Mini tractor has all the advanced qualities that increased tomato production, and mini tractor price is also low. As it is suitable for every farmer but for small farmers or small farm owners, it is the best choice.
Requirements for Tomato Cultivation In India
The warm climate and well-drained soils are the major requirements of tomato cultivation in India. The warm season is the ideal season for the high growth of tomatoes considered as a warm-season crop. The temperature of 20-25℃ is the best for tomato cultivation. For the excellent quality red colour tomato, the 21-24℃ temperature is perfect. Tomato farming needs 400-600 mm rainfall, 15-25°C harvesting temperature, and 10-15°C sowing temperature. Temperature above 43°C (intense heat) is terrible for the tomato plant as due to extreme heat, the plant burns. Simultaneously, less 13°C and greater than 35°C decreases tomato red colour production ratio.
Tomatoes grow very well on different soil types, but they ideally grow on deep, well-drained soils with high organic content and good drainage ability. Sandy loam to clay, black soil, and red soil with proper drainage is best suited for tomato cultivation in India. For the high growth, soil PH should be in 6-7 with good drainage property. High acidic soils are worse for tomato cultivation, so avoid them. For early crops, light soil is profitable, and for heavy yields, clay loam and silt-loam soils are beneficial.
Tomato requires a well pulverized and levelled soil for the tomato plantation. To mix the soil to a fine tilth, plough the land 4 to 5 times. After that, complete the planking process, which makes the soil level. At the end of the ploughing process, add decomposed cow dung correctly. A tomato transplant is done on a raised bed. Raised bed prepare up to 80 – 90 cm width. For the good soil, destroy the soil-borne pathogen, pest, and organism, and soil solarization is done. For solarization, mulch is the best option which is a plastic film. This transparent sheet absorbs radiation, increases soil temperature, and kills pathogens.
These are some important pieces of information about tomato cultivation that help when you start tomato cultivation. We hope you enjoyed the blog and for more such agricultural topics, tune in with us.