A stress fracture of the tibia occurs very often in athletes and sportsmen. The reason for this is that the high force of jumping, hitting, striking, or rolling can cause a considerable amount of deformation to the bones. This deformation can then be manifested as fractures. Stress fractures are different from fractures of other bones because the symptoms are very much different. So what should an athlete or sportsman do if they suddenly feel pain in their foot?
Diagnose with the help of an X-ray
An x-ray will help to determine whether there is a stress fracture of the tibia. The doctor will check whether there is an evident sign of bone damage in the damaged part. X-rays will also show any other abnormalities of the bone such as calcium deposits on the surface. There will also be signs of inflammation or redness of the skin surrounding the fractured part. These signs may suggest that the bone has been severely stressed.
The treatment of this fracture of the tibia depends upon how severe the injury is. Very light injuries of the tibia are usually treated by simple rest and elevation of the foot. However, patients with more severe fractures require surgery for relief from pain, healing of the bones and deformity.
The usual occurrence of stress fracture in athletes and sportsmen
The main problem with a stress fracture is that it only affects athletes and sportsmen. As time passes, it becomes less likely to affect sportsmen. A person who plays sports knows that he is more prone to stress fractures than someone who does not. So, wearing appropriate protective gear including a strong support footboard is important.
If the fracture does occur, there are a few things that can be done to reduce the pain. A doctor will most likely advise a patient to keep off physical activity for a while. Physical activity forces the body to increase the production of the metatarsal bones, the long bones that connect the toe to the big toe. This causes an unnatural movement that puts additional stress on the tibia. Taking a break from activities may be uncomfortable, but it will allow the bones to heal.
Overuse of the foot and high loads causes the problem
Athletes who play aggressive sports like wrestling and soccer are most likely to develop this problem. Overuse of the foot and high loads during activities have been found to be the causes. The tibia is a shock absorber, which means that the stress fracture can occur when the body is under excessive load like jumping and landing from a high jump. Most athletes start to experience pain in their lower back, hips and legs after long periods of inactivity. These symptoms usually go away after several weeks and are often gone altogether after a few months.
Careful stretching and exercises can help prevent the development of this kind of fracture. Overuse injuries are more common among sportsmen and the over-exertion of the body can also lead to this. This condition is called acute tibial stress fracture (ATAF), which is caused by sudden and heavy weight-bearing stress on the tibia. There are many treatment options available for this fracture depending on the severity of the injury. Ayurvedic treatment can be initiated after a thorough examination to identify the exact cause of the problem.
Initial treatment includes rest and restriction of activities, physical therapy, icing and heat pack, and medicines. If the damage is severe, patients may be hospitalized and required to avoid further activities. If the severity is not treated early, it can result in complete immobility. The entire body system as well as the nerves are affected due to the stress fracture and prompt treatment can prevent further complications. One can log in to websites like lermagazine.com to know more about the treatment of stress fracture of tibia.