Periodontal Diseases- All You Need To Know

Most of the patients think that gum disease is not a severe medical condition, but it affects the oral health and health of the entire body. Periodontal disease is considered curable if it is at an early stage called gingivitis (inflammation of the gums). Gingivitis does not require any complex procedure. Basic lifestyle changes and anti-inflammatory medications are more than enough. 

The severe case is called periodontitis; in this case, the bacteria leads to plaque formation, leading to complications affecting the tooth. It can even erode the bone supporting the teeth and causes teeth to fall out. 

Periodontal diseases can be treated and prevented using various techniques, and dentists in Ankeny guide their patients with the most suitable treatment options and preventive measures. 

What causes periodontal diseases?

There are many causes of periodontal diseases, which include poor hygiene, use of tobacco, and type of diet buy clocks online. Certain other factors are less controlled by the patient, like having a family history, disturbances in hormone functioning, or certain chronic illnesses like diabetes and cancer. Some causes of periodontal diseases are unknown, and prevention is the best way. 

Preventive measures for periodontal diseases. 

The most important and foremost way to prevent this disease has proper oral hygiene. The dentist advises the patients to brush two times a day, floss daily, and use mouthwash regularly. However, patients having hereditary issues related to periodontal diseases can follow the preventive measures to delay the onset of the disease or reduce the severity. 

Signs of periodontal diseases include:

The symptoms are often painless, even in the advanced stages. Therefore, at certain times it becomes difficult to diagnose the disease. There are no significant signs, but the patients are advised to visit their dentist to look for any early symptoms. General signs include bad breath or bad taste, and if the gums become red and swollen during brushing, it can be a sign of gum disease. Various other signs are like gums receding and the formation of gaps between gums and teeth. 

What is periodontal therapy? 

Periodontal therapy includes an array of treatments where dentists provide both surgical and non-surgical techniques to restore the health of teeth and gums. 

Non-surgical techniques include cleaning plaque build-up from the surface of the tooth root and underneath the gums. They also smoothen the root surface because the bacteria adhere to a rough surface, so this is done to avoid future infections. Surgical techniques can be gum grafts or gum flaps.