When considering the question of how to choose a rack for a warehouse, you should pay attention to the warehouse, and specifically to its structure, where the storage of goods and cargo will be located. The construction of a warehouse begins with the construction of the building in which it’ll be located. A racking system should be selected for the existing structure of the room.
This overview will walk you through the sequential steps of selecting a storage rack for your building design, from a wide variety of rack designs to the physical characteristics of the rack. This review will allow you to understand which racks to choose for your working conditions, learn how to assess the strength of the rack and how to find a reliable supplier of warehouse equipment.
In the following guide, we discuss in detail – how to choose a racking system for the warehouse.
Table of Content
- How Do You Prepare a Logistics Warehouse Project?
- What Racks Are There?
- Types of Racking System
- Where to Buy Storage Racks?
The first step is to prepare a project for the arrangement of warehouse space:
First, you need to measure the storage room and determine the characteristics of the room. It also includes the characteristics of the foundation, wall insulation, room temperature, and others.
The next step is to draw up a warehouse plan with its dimensions and the territorial location of communications.
This is followed by the planning stage for the location of storage racks. At this stage, you should take into account your own opinion. The opinion of specialists and determine possible ways of moving warehouse equipment.
At the final stage, the warehouse software is prepared, which is necessary for the convenience of the staff.
By the end of the work done, the customer will have a plan for the arrangement of racks, the overall characteristics of the warehouse, and the carrying capacity of individual places in the warehouse. Having received this information on hand, proceed to the selection of warehouse furniture.
The choice of a rack is directly based on the parameters of the warehouse. Specialists divide warehouses into many types and subspecies (large, small, warehouse complexes, production, grocery, trade, pharmaceutical, etc.). And in each case, the selection of the rack system is different. An important factor when choosing warehouse equipment is the overall characteristics of the goods stored in the warehouse. Therefore, in order to properly organize the warehouse process, it’s necessary to select racks for storage facilities, taking into account the overall parameters of the stored goods and materials.
When choosing storage furniture, you should consider the safety of the shelving and the safety of the storage room as a whole. Therefore, when choosing a rack, take into account the weight of inventory items that will be stored on it, as well as their dimensions. Otherwise, the load may not fit on the rack or simply destroy it due to its weight.
In practice, several types of warehouse furniture are installed in warehouses. Each warehouse equipment has its own characteristics and features, affecting the storage of goods and materials. Rack parameters directly affect the working environment in the warehouse, including the ease of access to inventory, area, etc.
Thus, when choosing a rack, you should take into account all the characteristics of the warehouse and goods and materials that will be stored on it.
It’s necessary to distinguish between the following types of rack designs:
These racks have a distinctive feature. They have the ability to complete the tiers of the rack. Load-bearing racks are installed both on the floor and in the ceiling – this is necessary for greater safety. It’s because of the design that such racks are often called overhead racks. These are some of the most reliable and efficient storage racks available.
Such racks are mainly focused on loading pallets with cargo in the frontal position. Pallet racks make it possible to arrange both the same type of cargo and different in their characteristics. Such racks are most often installed in warehouses where equipment is used in the form of forklifts and stackers, and in large warehouse complexes where there is a large traffic flow.
A huge advantage of this type of shelving is the possibility of their location in non-standard warehouse areas. Conventional cantilever racks can support up to 2 tons of weight, but reinforced versions are used for storing heavy goods and materials.
It’s mainly used for storing large quantities of goods and materials. They’re created and assembled according to the special order of the buyer. They can also be installed in non-standard warehouses. The sections of such racks can be made according to special dimensions and have the required depth.
A kind of versatile warehouse furniture. They differ primarily in the possibility of non-standard shelf parameters. At the same time, the buyer can choose the required dimensions of the shelves of the rack. That is why such racks are universal.
The warehouse equipment market offers a wide range of warehouse furniture, which can be located in standard and non-standard warehouse facilities. Most importantly, different racks can be used in different sections of the warehouse.
Most often, the purchase is made in the company that developed the plan for the structure of the rack. But there are also tendered purchases of warehouse equipment. This is necessary for comparing commercial offers and choosing an economically advantageous offer.
It should be noted that tenders usually win the cheapest bids. But as you know, cheapness doesn’t guarantee quality. This is because cheap shelving designs don’t have sufficient wear resistance. They’re usually made with metal. Therefore, the more expensive heavy-duty racking systems are capable of withstanding a greater load.
Warehouses equipped with more expensive shelving systems can accept more inventory for storage than warehouses with a budget version of shelving.
So, purchase racks from suppliers that offer the best price and good quality.