We have a propensity that termites live in wood and feed on wood cellulose. This is so, but, there are not only wood termites, but also subterranean termites. Wood termites can be divided into three different groups: dry wood termites, damp wood termites, and spray termites.
They are said to be xylophagous or wood-eating insects. Termites do not have in their intestines cellulolytic enzymes or enzymes necessary to digest wood fiber and to digest wood cellulose, they are helped by symbiotic protozoa.
There are more than 2,800 species of termites on the planet and only 7% are considered pests. But this 7% can cause a lot of economic damage because they are responsible for many destructive actions of all articles of wood or paper. That’s why Termite Treatment is important.
Subterranean termites make nests on the ground and from their nest, they begin to move in different directions in search of food. In their underground excursions, they often come across obstacles such as cement or concrete, climb up them and, when finding structural cracks, expansion joints or the spaces left in the walls after gas, water, energy, sanitary installations, penetrate homes, infesting window frames, doors, furniture, parquet floors, etc.
The appearance of termites in this form sometimes brings a very unpleasant “surprise” for the inhabitants of the house, because they appear in unexpected places and times.
Termites of the genus Amitermes belong to the subterranean termites.
Spray termites, like dry wood termites, live and feed on dry wood, digging galleries and tunnels within. These termites are considerably smaller in size. Both spray termites and dry wood termites do not keep tunnels and galleries clean.
Drywood termites (most termites of the genus Kalotermes ) prefer to infest dry wood and can live in low humidity conditions.
These termites cause enormous economic damage, and damage after a termite infestation can be compared to damage from a tornado, fire, or hurricane, as a rule, these damages are rarely covered by homeowners insurance policies. Dry wood termites are a horror for areas where it is customary to build wooden houses (for example, in America, Australia, or some parts of Europe they make American wooden houses), therefore, the wood used for the construction of a house, before using it, must have the anti-termite treatment.
Drywood termites, like spray termites, can be identified by the appearance of the outside of their nest: these termites leave the excrement and all the waste outside the nest that usually accumulate on the window frames, doors, parquet…
As the name implies,dampwood termites are termites that live in woods with a high level of humidity or in woods in a state of decomposition. They are larger than other types of termites. The interior of the galleries and labyrinths within the hive is kept clean and smooth. Dampwood termites use their droppings to seal and cover their nest to prevent air from entering from outside.
The Major Pest Control team wishes you never have problems related to termites, if you already have it, we advise you to ask for the help of pest control professionals.