What are the Cause and Treatment Options for Parkinson’s Disease?

Different chemicals are produced in our body to help nerve cells communicate and cause movements. Dopamine is one such among them. It is a chemical that helps two cells in the brain to communicate. Hence, Dopamine is essential in our bodies, especially for transmitting signals between cells in the brain. It regulates human body movements and influences our mood swings. If the nerve cells producing this chemical die, an individual develops Parkinson’s disease. Therefore, Parkinson’s disease is a nervous system disorder that creates issues in motor control movements. As the brain cells cannot communicate, there is a mismatch in the balance and movements in the body. Stiffness, slowing of movements, having trouble in walking, balancing issues, and behavioral changes are observed in a patient. These changes gradually intensify with time, and there is no proper cure for them. However, the disease can be controlled using some prescriptions and medications provided by neurologists. Consult the best neurology doctor in Delhi for this disease.

Parkinson’s signs and symptoms

  • Tremors
  • Slowed movement in the body
  • Rigid muscles
  • Loss of automatic movement
  • Stooped posture
  • Speech changes

While the above mentioned are the main symptoms of the disease, other issues are- Handwriting changes, Depression, Constipation, Memory loss, Delusions, Sleep disturbances, and a lack of interest.

Parkinson’s causes

The main cause of Parkinson’s disease is the loss of neurons in the brain. When these Dopamine generating neurons die gradually, it causes problems in the body. But why do they die? It is a serious question that has not been answered till today. While researchers are trying to find the actual cause of the disease, there are some factors attached to it:

  • Genes: Scientists observed that specific genetic mutations might lead to Parkinson’s disease. And the symptoms gradually develop with time, age, and the medical history of a patient. But it is in the small risk zone as people who have family members affected by Parkinson’s disease are not yet affected.
  • Environmental triggers: exposure to toxins in the environment can gradually make cells die. However, there are no perfect claims to support this instance.
  • Presence of Lewy bodies:Lewy bodies are lumps present in the brain. They are substances that hold a clue to the onset of Parkinson’s disease.

Treatment for Parkinson’s disease

Adults aged over 60 are at risk of Parkinson’s disease. According to various studies, PD is the most common neurodegenerative disorder that increased double folds from 2.5 million patients in 1990 to approximately 6.1 million patients in 2016. Among them, 0.58 million patients live in India alone. So, people should be more aware of the disease. The best doctor in Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, or any other metropolis considers an individual’s age, medical history, the extent of the disease condition, body responses, tolerance levels, and the consent of the patient before treating his/her Parkinson’s condition. The treatment plan may include:

  • Medications

Carbidopa-levodopa, a natural chemical, is induced into the brain through infusion or inhalation. Or Dopamine agents are sent into the body to active message transmission in the brain.

  • Surgeries
  • Lesion surgery
  • Deep brain stimulation (DBS)
  • Neural tissue implants

These are three types of procedures performed to stimulate brain activities.

CONCLUSION

Dopamine acts as a messenger for communication between brain cells. When it is not produced enough due to the death of its cells, it affects the brain, which in turn causes different symptoms. An individual will lack interest, will be unable to maintain posture, balance, and have rigid muscles, among the most common symptoms. It can be treated by either medications or surgeries based on certain factors. Neurologists well versed in internal body movements and reflexes in India have to be consulted for the treatment. One can find the best neurology doctor in Delhi to obtain proper treatment for this disease.

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