What Is the OWASP Top 10 and How Does It Work?

According to various studies, it has been reported that a good number of software’s are not safe. Some of them have already been subjected to hacking. However, this is no longer possible. Thanks to Open Web Application Security Project, a foundation that tries to improve the safety of web applications. If you are still new to the term, here is what you need to know about OWASP 10 and how it works.

What is OWASP Top 1O, and How Does it Work?

It is a document found on the OWASP website with a list and guidelines of top-rated web security risks. It aims to provide sufficient help to web owners and the world’s largest organizations. Moreover, it tries to help them with information about safeguarding their web application and updating their list on their top ten vulnerabilities if the need arises.

What are the OWASP Top 10?


The injection is when untrusted data is sent into a web application by a hacker to conduct the unintended operation. A good example is when a hacker sends an SQL code in return for a plain text username. This is solved by rejecting anonymous data or getting rid of the suspicious data.

Broken Authentication

Have you ever received an alert that someone is trying to log in to your account using another device? Well, this might be broken authentication. Due to vulnerability in authentication, cyber attackers might try to log in usernames or passwords to access information. You can solve this by delaying repeated logins or using multi-factor authentication.

Sensitive Data Exposure

Sensitive data includes passwords or financial information. These are very sensitive, and that’s why they are subjected to exposure. This data can be accessed using an on-path attack. Enable data encryption or avoid storing sensitive data to prevent the problem.

XML External Entities (XEE).

This an attack on web applications that uses invalid XML enabling uploads. This can be avoided by setting web applications to accept the less complex type of data through API security.

Broken Access Control

This is when attackers hack an account and perform activities as if they were the user. The use of penetrating testing can prevent broken access controls.

Security Misconfiguration

If you’ve ever encountered suspicious and overrated errors while using an application, security misconfiguration is then. To mitigate this problem, get rid of unused features in the code.

Cross-Site Scripting

This is an error that occurs when a hacker gets into the system while the user is active. It happens when a user adds a code in a website or URL path accessible to everyone else. To curb the problem, don’t press mistrusted HTTP requests.

Insecure Deserialization

This is where codes tamper while still in the system. It also targets web applications that tend to serialize and deserialize data. To curb this issue, you have to monitor the attacks.

Utilizing Known Vulnerabilities.

This is an effective way since it described when the applications were built or contain known faults. Therefore, it is essential to use components such as API security to identify such applications.

Insufficient Logging and Monitoring

Login and monitoring are important activities that should not be conducted once in a while. However, the discovery time for a vulnerability is about 200 days, a humble and sufficient time for attackers to cause damage. To solve this, it is essential to log in and monitor to see activities in the applications.

Open Web Application Security Project is a foundation that aims to help web owners run their activities well without facing damages. This article contains sufficient information about the foundation; if you have a web application, it’s time to master the OSWAP top ten.