Anxiety is a common and often healthy emotion. However, when a person experiences regular levels of anxiety, it can develop into a medical disorder.
Anxiety disorders form a category of mental health assessments that cause excessive anxiety, fear, worry, and anxiety.
The way these disorders cause physical symptoms, how they act and behave emotionally. Mild anxiety can be vague and unsettling, while severe anxiety can seriously affect daily life.
Anxiety disorders affect 40 million people in the United States. This is the most common group of mental illnesses in the country. However, only 36.9% of people with anxiety disorders receive treatment.
When an individual is exposed to potentially harmful or disturbing stimuli, the feeling of anxiety is not only normal but necessary for survival.
Since the earliest days of mankind, the approach of predators and impending danger have eliminated body alarms and allowed for horrible actions. These alarms are manifested by elevated heart rate, sweating, and increased sensitivity to the environment.
This danger triggers a surge of adrenaline, a hormone and chemical messenger in the brain, leading to what is called a “fight or flight” response. Prepares humans to compete physically or to avoid potential security threats.
For many people, running away from larger animals and imminent danger is less of a problem than early humans. Issues now revolve around work, money, family life, health, and other important issues without the need for a “fight or flight” response without demanding someone’s attention.
The feeling of panic before an important life event or during a difficult situation is a natural echo of the real “fight or flight” reaction. It can still be essential for survival: Anxiety about being hit by a car while crossing the street, for example, means that a person can easily go both ways to avoid danger.
The duration or intensity of a feeling of anxiety can sometimes be out of proportion to the actual stimulus or stress. Physical symptoms, such as high blood pressure and nausea, can also occur. These reactions go beyond anxiety and lead to an anxiety disorder.
The APA defines a person with a debilitating condition as “repeated intrusions or worries.” Once anxiety reaches a critical stage, it can interfere with daily activities.