Which Medical Equipment Have Radiation And How can We Protect Patients from It

Radiation is a big concern for the medical team while treating patients. Medical equipment used to treat the patients can be a severe issue if the testing device itself can cause another disease due to the harmful radiation emitted by this equipment. One cannot control the use of this equipment while diagnosing the patients. We cannot stop using this equipment as it is essential to diagnose health. Still, we can reduce the harmful radiation from affecting the human body with the proper measures while handling this equipment to a certain extent.

Radiation protection protections rulesĀ 

Many organizations have implemented the radiation protection act to reduce unnecessary radiation exposure while treating the patient. The protection act was established to minimize the harmful effects of ionizing radiation. In medical terminology, ionizing radiation has become a tool one cannot escape, and it is used to diagnose and treat a variety of medical conditions. The cumulative doses of lifetime radiation that both patients and medical providers receive have evolved as its uses have evolved. Radiation exposure in medical settings has most commonly arisen from the rays used by the x-rays to obtain dynamic and cinematic functional imaging. It is essential that formal radiation protection training needs to be conducted regularly that help reduces radiation exposure to medical staff and patients.

Radiation protection training

Nowadays, radiation protection training has become mandatory in various reputed hospitals before handing over the equipment to the lab expert. Before we dig deeper into how the radiation emitting from these equipment affects us, One needs to understand the basic science behind this radiation on the human body. If it is ignored in the long term, it might cause a severe effect on the human body. Like X-rays are composed of high energy photons inside the electromagnetic spectrum. X-rays are notable compared to lower energy photons, and the rays generated from them are powerful enough to break molecular bonds and ionize atoms. This ionization produces free radicals, chemically active compounds that can indirectly damage the DNA of the human body.

Effects caused by the radiation

There are some noticeable effects caused by the radiation, like the damage of the cells that comes in direct contact with the radiation, and the wound takes a long time to heal, hair loss and, in severe cases, thyroid. The thyroid gland needs iodine to produce hormones that generate energy in the body and help in metabolism. When radiation is hit, it absorbs whatever it can during radiation as it cannot differentiate between stable regular iodine and radioactive iodine. It acts as thyroid protection from radiation.

In most nuclear accidents cases, radioactive releases iodine into the atmosphere, absorbed by the body. When the thyroid cells absorb too much radioactive iodine, it leads to thyroid cancer. Babies and young children are at the highest risk from this radiation. During such a situation, potassium iodide is used to protect or block the thyroid from irradiation. It is also known as thyroid blocker, taking potassium iodide (KI) 1 just before exposure to radioactive. As the iodine blocks the harmful radioactive by the thyroid gland, thus reducing exposure of the thyroid to internal radiation.